haus irmer polizei

von: am: 30. Dezember 2020 02:36

The function of such practices is to ‘evacuate natural aggression’ in a controlled environment, in order to ward off more serious harm. 33 See Bodo Mrozek, Jugend – Pop – Kultur, op. Vol. Grotum Thomas, “Die Bill-Haley-Tournee 1958. Drinks were now served only in paper cups that could not be used as projectiles. Boston: Da Capo Press, 1993. Shortly after this abrupt end, ‘to avoid further destruction, the evacuation of the Waldbühne’ began around 10.15pm ‘with the use of batons’. Bielefeld: transcript, 2014, pp. 2: Zeithistorische Fallstudien 1958-1988, edited by Bodo Mrozek, Alexa Geisthövel, and Jürgen Danyel. Der liebe Gott versteht allein ein armes Menschenherz. Only a few hand-picked guests – a dozen people closely connected to the organisers and a few reporters – were allowed to approach the musicians as they left the airport’s military zone via an entrance usually closed to the public, with special authorisation from the Commandant of the French sector in Berlin.8 A bus then took them straight to their accommodation at a secret location. Was denkt ihr? In the Waldbühne, though, the police report testifies to the reverse effect: ‘in the glare of the spotlights, they [the audience] lost all inhibitions and felt as though they were the “photogenic focus” of all attention.’. It was asked whether reports about the potential threat should not have been taken into account and whether it would not have been better to ban the concert from the outset. In Hamburg, only plain clothes officers had been used, some of whom were dressed as young fans in order to be able to marshal the crowd if necessary. They included the Team Beats Berlin and Didi and his ABC-Boys, famous for their German adaptations of Beatles hits. Eine Betrachtung von Wolfgang Fietkau’, Blickpunkt, no 143, November 1965, p. 3. Police spokespersons expressed strong criticism of the event’s organisation, pointing to the failings of the security services. 21 See the Report on the execution and experience of the police measures, p. 6. , January 6, 1967; see H. J. Bünger, ‘Stadtrat “ra. The destruction of benches, barriers, and lighting systems increased in scale.23, 9The extent to which this destruction was deliberate remains up for debate. Staatsministerium des Innern, München, May 26, 1965, Bayerische Polizeischule Fürstenfeldbruck 472, Bayerisches Hauptstaatsarchiv. Therefore, the article suggests considering the mid-sixties as a watershed (‘. . Finden Sie Polizei in der Nähe Ihres Zuhauses von Germersheim. Bremen city services and police force asked to consult the files of their colleagues in Berlin in order to examine the conditions for banning the concert of the ‘so-called beat-band, the Rolling Stones’. In order better to understand the events in Germany, the German police asked the French police for their files on the ‘Nuit de la Nation’.56 Transposing ‘American conditions’ in Germany sometimes exacerbated discussion, as evidenced by this report from the Federal German police in which the author remarked that means of ‘coercion’ such as ‘scatterguns’ had been used in the United States and concluded that ‘with the agreement of citizens concerned about public order, it might be wise sometimes to use more draconian means to restore public safety and order’.57. .’ – was merely ‘a harmless ritual outlet’. 25 See the Report on the execution and experience of the police measures, Berlin, September 23, 1965, p. 11, PhS 3.43.3. Sie erhalten sofort Zugang zu allen digitalen Inhalten im Web und in unserer VRM News-App. See: ‘Die Waldbühne im Wiederaufbau. The socialdemocratic senator for youth and sports also made a measured declaration, reminding ‘the elders here present’ that ‘during the Roaring Twenties, he had indulged in strange dances and his parents had had trouble understanding his behaviour’. The venue was entirely sold out. Sohn Anne-Marie, Âge tendre et tête de bois. Jetzt mit dem Digital-Abo einfach weiterlesen! A television journalist, who witnessed the events from the press gallery, described them in terms similar to those that would be used by a war correspondent, stating that, despite all the noise, it was still possible to distinguish ‘the sharp cracking sound of the destruction of the benches, dogs whining and barking, the crowd shouting and whistling, the injured crying for help, and the shattering of glass.’. All security measures had been discussed beforehand by representatives of the organisers with the police and the inspectorate in charge of the Waldbühne. According to one press report, the stage was littered with ‘orphaned’ pieces of lingerie.17 Around 9.15pm, the police report indicates an initial ‘surge in tension before the arrival of the Rolling Stones’.18A mere six minutes later, the report describes how the situation escalated. These included, among others, the ‘Beatlemania’ that – according to the contemporaries – spread like wildfire across Europe, the United States, and as far as Japan. Der CDU-Abgeordnete Irmer ist für seine Ausfälle gegen Ausländer, den Islam oder Homosexuelle bekannt. 55 ‘Krawalle im Ausland’, Die Polizei. The Rolling Stones stage is prepared with black soap – according to the. {Sudhoffs Archiv: Zeitschrift f{\"u}r Wissenschaftsgeschichte} Volume 51, Number 1, 1967 Ekkehard Kleiss Fruchtbarkeitsidole der Timoto-Cuicas: Ein Beitrag zur Kenntnis der frühen venezolanischen Medizin- und Kulturgeschichte. Motorbikes proved more effective than horses, which tended to be too sensitive to the noise of the drums and firecrackers. PhS 3.43.3. 53 Minutes of the 4th meeting between officers of the Protection Police (Schutzpolizei) and Criminal Investigation Department (Kriminalpolizei) in the Haus St. Michael in Königshofen, Wiesbaden, February 5, 1966, p. 1, PhS 3.43.3. Bodo Mrozek is a historian and visiting scholar at the Center for Cold War Studies of the Institut für Zeitgeschichte München – Berlin and the Humboldt University of Berlin. November 2020, gestern und dieser Woche. The police therefore could not use surprise as an excuse, especially not after the precedent set by the destruction of West Berlin’s Sportpalast during Bill Haley’s concert in 1958. Transposing ‘American conditions’ in Germany sometimes exacerbated discussion, as evidenced by this report from the Federal German police in which the author remarked that means of ‘coercion’ such as ‘scatterguns’ had been used in the United States and concluded that ‘with the agreement of citizens concerned about public order, it might be wise sometimes to use more draconian means to restore public safety and order’. PhS 3.43.3. Staatsministerium des Innern, München, May 26, 1965, Bayerische Polizeischule Fürstenfeldbruck 472, Bayerisches Hauptstaatsarchiv. 2 Polizeiprasidium Mittelfranken office photos. In unserem Nachrichtenticker können Sie live die neuesten Eilmeldungen auf Deutsch von Portalen, Zeitungen, Magazinen und Blogs lesen sowie nach älteren Meldungen suchen. 2: Zeithistorische Fallstudien 1958-1988, edited by Bodo Mrozek, Alexa Geisthöve, and Jürgen Danyel. The group then took a top secret route through the Berlin backstreets to get to the pressroom of the publisher Springer, where a press conference was held, having only been announced a short time before. But it was clear that no major public order issues were expected because equipment was limited to ‘uniforms, protective visors, and batons’ with no helmets or riot shields. Polizeihistorische Sammlung Berlin: PhS 3.43.3. Thanks to pragmatic measures, the venue was eventually suitably equipped for rock concerts, with wire fencing that was impossible to climb and metal benches that could take the weight of many spectators. It is true that due to problems with their insurance, the Waldbühne remained in ruins for so long that it was not able to host another beat music concert during the following years. Eine Betrachtung von Wolfgang Fietkau’. 80% of the venue’s wooden benches and 90% of its wooden barriers were destroyed. Nr.1 / 1. When the spotlights were suddenly turned off, at the organisers’ request, to signal to the audience that the show was over, many of them panicked as they were suddenly plunged into darkness. 23 On the events at the Waldbühne on September 15, 1965 (report on the execution and experience), Berlin, September 17, 1965, p. 6, PhS 3.43.3. Revue d'Histoire de la justice, des crimes et des peines. Kontakte. Paris: Fayard, 2001. 6 See ‘Die “Steine” rollen auf uns zu’, B.Z., September 9, 1965; ‘Bindet die Stühle an!’, Quick, September 1965; ‘“Sie sollen kreischen”. 35 See ‘Ventilsitte’, Lexikon zur Soziologie, edited by Werner Fuchs et al., 2nd rev. At 8pm sharp, the Berlin groups opening the concert began to take to the stage, one after another. The events within the venue were also meticulously documented. 20Things did not reach that stage, however, and nor were beat music concerts banned generally.58 Nevertheless, the problems in Berlin considerably slowed down the future development of open-air rock concerts in Germany, which were generally criminalised in somewhat excessive discourse from the media, police, politicians, and academics alike. Therefore, the article suggests considering the mid-sixties as a watershed (‘Schwellenzeit’) in the process establishing a new rock and pop culture. The event also sparked administrative reform. 1 See Bodo Mrozek, Jugend – Pop – Kultur. In order better to understand the events in Germany, the German police asked the French police for their files on the ‘Nuit de la Nation’. 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The convoy also included unmarked cars to ward off any potential fans in vehicles, but everything went according to plan. Zeitschrift für musisches Leben in der Jugend, no V, October 1965, p. 240-243. These wooden benches, designed only for people to sit on them, gave way beneath the weight and when the first planks were smashed to pieces, some fans started ripping up more, either caught up in the excitement, according to some, or out of anger at the brevity of the concert and at police use of batons, according to others – causing similar disturbances as during a Bill Haley concert at the Berlin Sportpalast six years earlier. Göttingen: Wallstein, 2006 (Hamburger Beiträge zur Sozial- und Zeitgeschichte, vol. Internal publications gave accounts of material damage sustained during rock concerts in Paris in 1961, clashes in the south of England in 1964, cases of fainting and ‘hysterical’ behaviour during showings of films about the Beatles that same year, as well as the destruction that took place during Beatles concerts in Australia and in San Francisco.55 The discussion around the Berlin Rolling Stones concert therefore reflected problems that had occurred in other countries, which were taken into account when examining its causes and led to an internationalised approach to police tactics. Sportlerheim Wolfsberg. and citing a musical education specialist from Bremen, Gotho von Irmer. Weingut Christine Pröstler Zellingen. *0,99€ im ersten Monat, danach 9,90€ mtl. 28 See Verlaufs- und Erfahrungsbericht über den polizeilichen Einsatz, S. 13. This lighting had been chosen based on experiments conducted in jazz concerts, which seemed to show that fans’ emotions could be channelled and literally ‘cooled down’ by white light. 40 Note on the urgent question of the CDU group on the prevention of scenes of violence and vandalism in Berlin, III B 3 – 0321/440 5254, PhS 3.43.3. It analyses how youth culture and popular culture were criminalised and became established in six countries in the 1950s and 1960s. were thrown onto the stage or at police officers. In Essen, unconventional methods were used as described in one report, for example covering the front of the stage with black soap so that any fans trying to climb up would slide back down again under the jeers of the crowd! In defence of their strategy, police leaders pointed to the effects of alcohol but also to the ‘systematic propaganda of the tabloid press’, which had been ratcheting up the tension for weeks with sensationalist headlines as though hoping to provoke clashes. See the Report on the execution and experience of the police measures, p. 6. Note on the ‘Rolling Stones’ concert on September 15, 1965 at the Waldbühne, September 8, 1965. 1The early 1960s were relatively calm compared to the previous decade, during which clashes relating to rock 'n' roll and negative social stereotypes associated with the labels ‘Halbstarke’, ‘teddy boys’, and ‘juvenile delinquents’ constantly made the headlines. As a result, police reforms and new safety standards for concert halls and arenas were developed and internationally debated. 2: Zeithistorische Fallstudien 1958-1988, Anti-Rock: the Opposition to Rock 'n' Roll. The discourse of criminalisation came to an end and the rock concert became recognised as a cultural event. See more of Radio Cottbus Verkehrsservice on Facebook This solution was even more advisable because ‘youths were drawn to everything to do with technology and admired the audacity and skill of the motorbike riders’. Jahrgang Sonderausgabe Literaturzeitung März 2009 Literaturzeitung - Sonderausgabe Steinhööfel: Andreas Steinh „Beschützer der Diebe“ Zum Autor: Andreas Steinhöfel von Fabian Irmer Andreas Steinhöfel wuchs in Biedenkopf auf und machte dort sein Abitur. Konsum und Politik in der westdeutschen Jugendkultur der 60er Jahre, Jugend – Pop – Kultur. Internal publications gave accounts of material damage sustained during rock concerts in Paris in 1961, clashes in the south of England in 1964, cases of fainting and ‘hysterical’ behaviour during showings of films about the Beatles that same year, as well as the destruction that took place during Beatles concerts in Australia and in San Francisco. / 2 / / TdZ November 2020 / Inhalt November 2020 thema theater und architektur. In the debate that ensued at Berlin’s Municipal Parliament, elected officials from across the political spectrum all referred to on-going debates about so-called changes in values among the youth of the time. 2: Zeithistorische Fallstudien 1958-1988, Bielefeld: transcript 2014, p. 19-39. All the way through to the evening, fans continue to flood into the Waldbühne without incident. 56 ‘Extract from the Report of the Institute of Police, Paris,’ Bayer. 24 See ‘Wenn man da mitten drinne is […]’, op. Das sei auch schwer für die, dann immer ruhig zu bleiben. On the events at the Waldbühne on September 15, 1965 (report on the execution and experience), Berlin, September 17, 1965, p. 6, PhS 3.43.3. Siegfried Detlef, Time is on my Side. Teilen Sie das: Wasserschutzpolizeistation 07274 94670 Alte Schiffbrückenstr. Far from stigmatising rituals connected to concerts or sports events and viewing them as factors leading to agitation, this interpretation has progressively given them moderating and stabilising qualities.36 However, other researchers came to more alarming conclusions. With almost 21,000 people already crowded inside, several thousand fans who had not been able to get tickets pressed up against the entrance. Reinhart Koselleck) in the establishing of an increasingly transnational youth pop culture in the second half of the twentieth century. 17 ‘Welcher Spieler hat uns in der Hand ? Tina Engel was born on April 6, 1950 in Hannover, Germany. Fluch der bösen Taten’, Der Abend, March 1, 1967; Detlef Siegfried, Time is on my Side. 1956-2006: 50 Jahre Jugendkultur. Pathologie mentale, sexualité et expérience de l'autre, La prévention des récidives : Évaluation, suivis, partenariats, Les Fourches Patibulaires du Moyen Âge à l’Époque moderne. In May 1966, in anticipation of the Beatles concert, Wiesbaden police organised a working meeting on the topic of ‘modern police behaviour towards young people’, in which there was discussion of the lessons to be learned from the events in Berlin. Berlin: Suhrkamp, 2019 (stw 2237). 1, Germersheim, Rheinland-Pfalz, 76726 Kontakt Map Öffnungszeiten Bewertungen I discuss the reception of the concert more than the band and their music, which are already sufficiently well known, and, in so doing, I draw on police reports and press articles from the months immediately after the event. ’s tour included concerts in Münster, Essen, Munich, Berlin, and Hamburg. Thi 49 Telex sent to the Schutzpolizei command, September 22, 1965, PhS 3.43.3. 39 During the 57th session of September 23 and the 58th session of October 7, 1965. Dachdeckermeister Felix Strenzke Putgolla 7, 03099 Kolkwitz (Glinzig) Dach Deckert ... Zentraldienst der Polizei für Technik und Beschaffung Lipezker Straße 45, Cottbus (Innenstadt) Chinarestaurant Ming Dynastie The destruction of benches, barriers, and lighting systems increased in scale. See the Report of the Schutzpolizei command S1, Berlin, 16 September 1965, p. 3, Polizeihistorische. His book Jugend – Pop – Kultur. ’) in the process establishing a new rock and pop culture. Such ritualised situations can be seen in traditional April 1st jokes or ‘orgiastic festivals’, such as Carnival, also considered as ‘moral holidays’.35 In these interpretations, it is above all male aggression that is ‘tamed’ in this way. They also took up the topic of the fear of delinquency, dating back to the previous decade, in relation to rock 'n' roll and fuelled by demographic data suggesting societies were becoming ever younger. Die neuen Sitze der Waldbühne können einiges aushalten’. The police also came under pressure from the media. 18 Police Report on the events at the Waldbühne on September 15, 1965, sheet 2. Report on the execution and experience, p. 7. “Stones Dragnet! See the Report of the Schutzpolizei command S1, Berlin, 16 September 1965, p. 3, Polizeihistorische Sammlung Berlin 3.43.3. sie tragen's nur von Haus zu Haus, weil's ja wie Menschen sind. Around 9.15pm, the police report indicates an initial ‘surge in tension. Ulrike Lehmann is on Facebook. Certain accounts report that some of the audience climbed onto the benches and jumped up and down on them in rhythm, whilst shouting in chorus for the concert to continue. The Transnational Debates of the 1960s. An initial police intervention cleared the stage, although not without ‘the use of batons’, and, after a short pause, the group was able to resume playing. See ‘Die “Rolling Stones” wohnen im Hilton’. Bitte, Frau Petry, nennen Sie einen Stadtbezirk, wo die Polizei nicht mehr hingeht! rev. While different actors tried to add to the disreputable image of the Stones before the concert, presenting them without hesitation as the ‘hardest group in the world’, to set them apart from the ‘nice’ Beatles, the media then only accentuated the desired effect. This article analyses the violence that broke out at a 1965 Rolling Stones concert in West Berlin. Fluch der bösen Taten’, Time is on my Side. Die Polizei. Polizist_innen würden bespuckt und beleidigt und angegriffen, das habe er selbst schon erlebt. The venue was entirely sold out. Fights between Mods and Rockers broke out in seaside resorts in the south of England, while in Paris a mass concert announced as the ‘Nuit de la Nation’ (held on the city’s Place de la Nation) spiralled out of control.1 This article restricts its focus to discussing the Rolling Stones tour which, in autumn 1965, became a focal point for media, police and political debate in Germany.2 I discuss the reception of the concert more than the band and their music, which are already sufficiently well known, and, in so doing, I draw on police reports and press articles from the months immediately after the event. Such ritualised situations can be seen in traditional April 1. jokes or ‘orgiastic festivals’, such as Carnival, also considered as ‘moral holidays’. These included, among others, the ‘Beatlemania’ that – according to the contemporaries – spread like wildfire across Europe, the United States, and as far as Japan. 22 See the following interview with someone who participated in the clashes: ‘Wenn man da mitten drinne is, denn fällt det ja nich uff, wenn da eener mehr mitmischt’, Blickpunkt, no 143, November 1965, p. 5-10, and here p. 8. 20 Note on the ‘Rolling Stones’ concert on September 15, 1965 at the Waldbühne, September 8, 1965. Dessen Vorsitzender, der Wetzlarer CDU-Bundestagsabgeordnete Hans-Jürgen Irmer, sagte, egal ob Land, Stadt oder Kreis - alle Beteiligten zögen an einem Strang. Drum kehr in diesen Hain hinein, wo stille Andacht dich umgibt. were thrown onto the stage or at police officers. 14Immediately after the events at the Waldbühne, the Berlin chief of police called for a ban on beat music concerts, with the support of the city’s Mayor.38 Finally, this uncontrollable concert was also debated in the Berlin parliament.39 It was asked whether reports about the potential threat should not have been taken into account and whether it would not have been better to ban the concert from the outset.40 When a Christian Democratic Union (CDU) representative argued that an example should have been made, by punishing the youths who were arrested, a representative of the Liberals objected that the water cannon could not ‘distinguish the guilty from the innocent’. 4 Linda Martin and Kerry Segrave, Anti-Rock: the Opposition to Rock 'n' Roll (Boston: Da Capo Press, 1993), p. 132-133. Eine bundesweit einmalige Einrichtung gegen Kriminalität und Extremismus mit Angeboten von Land, Stadt und Kreis entsteht im Malteser-Haus am Erk-Platz. (Ed.). Eine transnationale Geschichte, Portail de ressources électroniques en sciences humaines et sociales, Surveiller les Stones : musique et violence à Berlin. 37 « Let’s go, let’s go… Unzeitgemäße Betrachtungen über Beatmusik », Kontakte. See Report on the experience of police measures relating to beat music concerts, sheet 9, 15. Mrozek Bodo, Jugend – Pop – Kultur. Police riot squads ready for action,”, Anti-Rock: the Opposition to Rock 'n' Roll, The Rolling Stones’ tour was organised by the youth magazine, following the example of its French counterpart. Memorandum on the arrival of the English band ‘The Rolling Stones’ in Berlin on September 9, 1965. However, other researchers came to more alarming conclusions. (Ed. Most of the entries in this bibliography were catalogued in the Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) database between August 1, 2007 and December 31, 2007. Ki Qxll Nwklnil Lbq Ytmglfywb Nkx Cihy Gvimwmf Touodcse. Klaus Menne and Helga Haase (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1983), p. 350. : in Blackpool in England, in Belfast in Northern Ireland, in Halsingbord in Sweden, and in the American city of Lynn, incidents had taken place leading, in some cases, to the intervention of police dogs and police officers armed with water cannons. 9 At Hotel Sachsenhof on the Nollendorfplatz. I discuss the repercussions of these events in a newspaper article: Bodo Mrozek, The early 1960s were relatively calm compared to the previous decade, during which clashes relating to rock 'n' roll and negative social stereotypes associated with the labels ‘. 51 ‘Rolling Stones machen keine Musik – nur Lärm’ (with the Associated Press agency), Berliner Morgenpost, January 26, 1966. 36 See the following chapter: Alexander Mitscherlich, ‘Die Idee des Friedens und die menschliche Agressivität’, in Gesammelte Schriften V, Sozialpsychologie 3, edited by Klaus Menne and Helga Haase (Frankfurt am Main: Suhrkamp, 1983), p. 350. As for the city of Munich, it considered applying a 14,000 Deutschmark tax on entertainment spectacles on the pretext that the shows by ‘young London singers’ were not about music but simply a form of popular entertainment. Plainclothes surveillance officers were also present and a space was ready to hold any potential prisoners. Portions of benches were smashed, shoes, clothes, empty bottles etc. At the same time, the deliberate destruction of the Waldbühne’s equipment began. Zeitschrift für die Berliner Polizei. Drawing on research conducted on goldfish at the Max Planck Institute, she warned about the danger of beat music impairing cardiac rhythm. Déviantes et délinquantes XIXe-XXIe siècles, Sujets déviants, sujets pervers. Larger groups were also ‘dispersed’ using fire hoses and a few youths were apprehended and placed in the space for prisoners. 15It is true that due to problems with their insurance, the Waldbühne remained in ruins for so long that it was not able to host another beat music concert during the following years. Liste der Bundesländer, in denen sich die Unternehmen der Kategorie Polizei befinden Der hessische CDU-Bundestagsabgeordnete Hans-Jürgen Irmer will die CDU erneut als „Law and Order“-Partei etablieren und schlägt Maßnahmen vor, mit denen die Union verlorene Wähler zurückgewin Eine transnationale Geschichte (Berlin: Suhrkamp, 2019), p. 496-453, 614-635; Florence Tamagne, ‘La “Nuit de la Nation”: culture jeune, rock’n’roll et panique morale dans la France des années 1960,’ in Rock et violences en Europe, Criminocorpus – Revue hypermedia, edited by Pascal Dupuy and Joann Élart, 2018, doi: https://journals.openedition.org/criminocorpus/4481.

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