tollense river battle

von: am: 30. Dezember 2020 02:36

Before this discovery, it was assumed that only raiding happened at this time and battles of this scale were a development of the Iron Age. Certainly by historical times however all knowledge of it was lost. All rights reserved. Until one day in 1996, a voluntary conservationist reported finding a humerus bone at the Tollense riverside at low water with an embedded arrowhead made of flint. After the last of the defeated were dispatched, the bodies were stripped of their weapons, jewellery, armour, and valuables before being flung into the river. The bronze assemblage included 3,000-year-old tools, ornaments, and metal scraps—likely once stored in a container that has since decayed away. Thanks for reading. Was this a battle between different groups of people from across Europe, or just a very large, localized family feud? During the following years, a club made of ashwood was discovered as well as a hammer-like weapon made of blackthorn and more bones. Der Fund verändert das Bild von der Bronzezeit: Vor 3300 Jahren kämpften im Tal der Tollense an der Ostsee Tausende Krieger gegeneinander. 1200 BC. The archaeological site by the Tollense River Detlef Jantzen: Large groups of young men killed each other in a bloody battle right by the river. Similarly, the River Tollense could have played a role in the flow of commodities; the causeway at the Kessin 12 site offers a possible connection of the south-north water transportation route via the Tollense River to the Baltic Sea with an east-west land route linking the River Oder estuary region and the Mecklenburg Lake District. Get your free copy of the Gods of Bronze prequel The Wolf God now: If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. The dam was made of trunks of trees and stones more than five centu… Thousands of human bones from the Bronze Age have come to light on the Tollense in Mecklenburg since 2009. Archaeological discoveries in the Tollense Valley represent remains of a Bronze Age battle of ca. Human activity has had little impact on this area. All were men aged between 20 and 40. Dietrich says the objects were likely personal property of someone involved in the fighting, but concedes it’s unclear whether a combatant or someone else carried them onto the battle site. Battle ranged up and down the valley in a hundred pockets of fighting and countless moments of valour and infamy. Since 1997, archaeologists have been excavating miles of land along the Tollense River in northern Germany and recovering the weapons and remains of hundreds of men who fought on its banks here around 1,200 B.C. “We are dealing with the first battlefield site of the Bronze Age,” says Terberger. Remains of victims from the Bronze Age battle at Tollense. They found two groups of fighters: one group of northern German locals and another, more diverse group from somewhere in Central Europe (Bohemia, a historical region located southwest of Germany that covered the western portion of what is now Czechia, is the strongest contender). I still want the full story though. More will be found here in future I’m sure and more analysis will be done. Es wird aber leider direkt in der Hochsaison (Ende Juni bis Mitte August) gekrautet, so dass man oft an mehreren Stellen Krausperren überwinden muss. But an excavator now draws entirely different conclusions. In the Bronze Age, the landscape was more open. Preliminary archaeological excavations began the same year around this site and further human and animal bones were found. So I decided to investigate the whole thing. The Battle of the Tollense River, 1250 BCE In 1996, an amateur archaeologist found a human arm bone sticking out of the bank of the Tollense River in northern Germany, not far from from the Baltic Sea. To Terberger and his team, that lends credence to their theory that the battle wasn’t just a northern affair. Over a thousand were killed and many more were wounded. However, something like that did happen. Search: Add your article Home Landforms by country Bodies of water by country Rivers by country Rivers of Germany Tollense. But it makes one wonder, does it not, what other great battles occurred in the thousands of years of the Bronze Age and are now unrecorded and unremembered – other than in legend. (Burger is not an author of the current paper.). That chaos—and what it says about the violence of the Bronze Age—provides a rare point of agreement for researchers and outside experts alike. Their deeds have been remembered by poets and novelists. I never heard of Tollense river before. Men from both sides fell. I am writing my bronze age fantasy series Gods of Bronze and although this battle takes place 1500 years later than my series, it really is a wonderfully evocative and stimulating tale. An amateur archaeologist found the smashed body part protruding from the steep bank of the Tollense River river. … Your email address will not be published. But was this battle a clash of two armies, or an attack on a caravan traveling along the ancient Amber road? The Tollense River was important for north-south trade, and there is an "amazing" concentration of valuable artifacts, like gold rings and jewelry, found … “This was puzzling for us,” says Thomas Terberger, an archaeologist at the University of Göttingen in Germany who helped launch the excavation at Tollense and co-authored the paper. What was thought to be one of Europe’s oldest known battles may have actually been a massacre, German archaeologists believe, with a caravan … But what prompted the fighting at Tollense? The many bronze finds suggest that offerings took place in the valley during period III, most probably connected to post-battle rituals. I never heard of Tollense river before. In 2017, researchers published their analysis of the strontium, carbon and nitrogen isotopes in the teeth of 52 of the over 140 victims whose remains have been recovered so far. Proper investigations began in 2007 and since then the above picture has gradually emerged. by Dan | May 13, 2020 | writing | 2 comments. A remarkable resemblance to the Irish tradition. " Not so fast, says Anthony Harding, an archaeologist and Bronze Age specialist who was not involved with the research. In 2016, Joachim Burger, a population geneticist at the University of Mainz, told Science that initial aDNA analysis suggested a “highly diverse” group of warriors with genetic links from as far as southern Europe. Like almost all events in history, it was forgotten forever. Fascinating and sad at the same time. In fact, some Bronze-Age warriors did carry around small collections of scrap metal, which they stored in the sockets of their axes. I had no idea what this person was talking about. Back in 2016, says Burger, one of the bones he was given to analyze actually ended up being from the Neolithic age, which predates the Tollense battle by between 8,750 and 3,250 years. Researchers continue to examine clues from bones and weapons found at the site, and a paper published this week in Antiquity looks at an unusual group of artifacts that provide yet another twist in the decades-long search to understand exactly who fought at Tollense, and why. That would have been interesting enough, but this arm bone had a … “When the first example of anything crops up, people don’t know what to make of it,” agrees Martin J. Smith, a lecturer in forensic anthropology at Bournemouth University in the United Kingdom. The upper course begins near a small lake named Mürzsee, near the village of Blumenholz.A part of it is traditionally called Ziemenbach, flowing to lake Lieps. The battlefield extends over a hundred meters along the river. Slagfältet vid Tollense är en arkeologisk fyndplats från bronsåldern i Mecklenburg-Vorpommern i Tyskland.Fyndplatsen ligger i Tollenseflodens dal, öster om Weltzin, i närheten av byarna Burow och Werder i Landkreis Mecklenburgische Seenplatte (se karta).. De arkeologiska fynden visar tydliga tecken på våld och konflikt. The battle took place around 1250 BCE and involved more than 2,000 combatants. The heroes celebrated and the dead mourned. Archaeologists have a fundamental problem. Da gekrautet wird, wächst die Tollense nicht komplett zu. In about 1300 BC in the sodden marshland of the Tollense Valley in northern Germany, 5,000 warriors assembled in two great armies. “The bronzes are not giving away clear hints at the persona of their owner,” he says. At least 130 bodies and 5 horses have been identified from the bones found. In fact, the scene as I described it would be argued against by many archaeologists, I’m sure, as there is very little agreement about the actual events. According to the paper, a group of 31 bronze objects was found in river sediment about 1,000 feet away from an ancient causeway believed to be the battle’s starting point. Fractured skulls and shattered bones found on a German river bank reveal clues to what is considered the earliest, ... Germany reveals Bronze Age remains of brutal battle in Tollense Valley. Learn how your comment data is processed. The invading force, led by great warlords and a mighty chief, was armed with spears, bronze swords, knives, sickles and bronze tipped arrows. Many were veterans of other raids and battles, with the scarred bodies to prove it. Smith, who was not involved in the Tollense research, says the battle’s sheer scale illustrates the violence Bronze Age warriors were capable of. This great battle would have been remembered for generations. The sheer scale and violence at Tollense— considered Europe’s oldest battlefield site—put to rest a stubborn 20th-century idea that Bronze Age Europe was a relatively peaceful place. In about 1300 BC in the sodden marshland of the Tollense Valley in northern Germany, 5,000 warriors assembled in two great armies. Or perhaps they returned to their own homes, a matter of honour settled. So I decided to investigate the whole thing. The Battle of the Bridge over the Tollense River The Tollense Bronze Age Battle Over three thousand years ago small bands of warriors came together and traveled a great distance to lay siege to an enemy fortress. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The new DNA analysis did rule out the possibility of the battle being among family members. One group of “locals” originated from the area, they speculated, while a second was made up of a heterogenous group of fighters who may have gathered from hundreds of miles away for a Trojan War-style standoff on the riverbanks. Those axe stashes were likely designed as cultic collections, says Oliver Dietrich, an archaeologist with the German Archaeological Institute. A flint arrowhead was embedded in the bone. To interpret the cache—which includes distinctly un-warlike metalworking gear—as belonging to warriors is “a bit far-fetched to me,” he says. They moved on, perhaps taking the land and women of the dead men, perhaps simply moving through the landscape to some new location. The Tollense Valley site in north-eastern Germany was one of the biggest and most brutal battles in Bronze Age Europe +7 +7 Since the 1980s, several pieces of evidence of a battle … The battlefield was discovered in 1996 by an amateur archaeologist, who saw an arm bone sticking out of the riverbank. Over the past millennia, the flow of the river has changed slightly. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. For a long time they were considered to be evidence of the oldest battle in history. Yes I agree. What I uncovered during this investigation can prove to be one of the most important things I discovered so far, the missing piece of the jigsaw which links all the archaeological, linguistic, genetic and ethnographic data I have so far collected into a single picture. But it didn’t make a compelling case for the two-group theory. In time, perhaps the event passed into legend. Radiocarbon dating showed they were from around 1250 BC. Think again, Dietrich says: “This assemblage is no scrap hoard.” The time period, site, and likely storage in a container are different enough from the characteristics of known Bronze Age scrap hoards to disqualify their being carried for spiritual reasons, he notes. ... attle-3174 A neat and fresh article about the discoveries and interpretation of events from a battlefield Human remains were also found in the sediment deposit, supporting the idea that the area was part of the Bronze-Age battlefield. Since 1997, archaeologists have been excavating miles of land along the Tollense River in northern Germany and recovering the weapons and remains of … Could the cache mean the Tollense site was used for more than just a battlefield—or just that its warriors carried more items than archaeologists once suspected? On one side of the battlefield, at the site of the last stand of the doomed defenders, a great mound of bodies was made by the victors and left for the crows. Splashing through the soft ground beside the river, the powerfully armed invaders charged the men defending their homelands. A few weeks ago someone wrote this comment on my post about knobsticks: "One of the knobsticks found in the Tollense River is actually made from blackthorn (sloe) wood (Prunus spinosa)! Since the site is the only one of its kind (and barring the invention of time travel), it’s hard to say. Embedded in the bone was a flint arrowhead. All were men aged between 20 and 40. Das Tollense-Einzugsgebiet wird intensiv landwirtschaftlich bewirtschaftet. But the stash still belonged to a warrior, right? Tollense battle: Bloody slaughter for women and horses 2020-12-17T04:44:59.800Z. Abstract. “Why would a warrior be going round with a lot of scrap metal?” he asks. The objects include a bronze awl, a chisel and knife, bronze fragments, and a small, cylindrical bronze box designed to be worn on a belt. But the meaning of “local” depends on how large you consider the Tollense Valley’s ancient neighborhood to be. After all, says Smith, “The prehistoric past was a dangerous place to live.”, Photograh by J. Krüger, University of Greifswald, Puzzling artifacts found at Europe's oldest battlefield, Could that mean a warrior carried the bronze scraps as an offering to the gods? Over time, the team became increasingly convinced that the battle took place between two groups of warriors. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. The battlefield site at the Tollense River is very different: no formal burials and no traces of settlement are present in the valley. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Preliminary aDNA results fueled speculation that the massive battle was regional, not local. Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. Since then, they’ve published several papers on the site, including one that confirmed its status as a battlefield through analysis of the lesions on victims’ bones and another that speculated the conflict started on the causeway. The bronze objects were found close to each other, and researchers think they were once held together in an organic container—perhaps a leather bag or wooden toolbox—that has since disintegrated. A star-ornamented container, meant to be worn on a belt, is one of 31 ancient bronze objects found together on the Tollense battlefield site. More than three millennia after the sun set on the banks of the Tollense, the battle that took place there still inspires intense debate. “They just look like Central and Northern Europeans,” he says. Daher gibt es hohe Nährstoffeinträge, die zu starkem Pflanzenwuchs führen. display . In this place, Tollense meanders in a relatively narrow valley with wet meadows. “We can exclude Southern Europe—places like Serbia or Hungary,” he says. 1300–1250 BCE, documenting a violent group conflict hitherto unimagined for this period of time in Europe, changing the perception of the Bronze Age. Many were veterans of other raids and battles, with the scarred bodies to prove it. In 2013, using geomagnetic studies, traces of the existing 120-meter bridge or dam across the Tollense valley were discovered. The Bronze Age site at the Tollense River was discovered in 1996 by an amateur archaeologist.. But now, more complete DNA results obtained by Burger’s team earlier this year throw water on the theory, at least from a genetic perspective. The other side was armed with only flint arrowheads and wooden clubs. Bei mehreren Wehren und Hindernissen (Steinschüttungen, niedrige Brücken und sogenannte Krautsperren) muss während der 68 Kilometer langen Bootsfahrt umgetragen werden. I wonder also how much more evidence there is out there under our feet, waiting to be discovered…, Read more here: Researchers believe the battle took place on both sides of the Tollense River, and that combatants were killed as they moved downriver, leaving their bones and belongings behind. Ab Neubrandenburg kann die Tollense mit kleineren Booten (Kanus, Kanadier, Ruderbooten) befahren werden. A larger sample size and longer analysis revealed a more homogenous population, DNA-wise, than he initially thought. The most important warriors amongst them rode into battle on stocky horses, slashing with their swords and stabbing with their spears. “We have no parallels for that.”. BATTLEFIELD ARCHAEOLOGY - BRONZE AGE BATTLEFIELD TOLLENSE VALLEY | Research on Bronze Age battlefield remains (skeletal remains / weapon finds) in the Tollense Valley, NE Germany Tollense battle. The Tollense (German pronunciation: [tɔˈlɛnzə], from Slavic dolenica "lowland, (flat) valley") is a river in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in northeastern Germany, right tributary of the Peene.It has a total length of 95.8 km. This is Tollense valley, a river valley located in western Pomerania. “But even with modern genomes, you can’t make that much of a distinction between Bohemia and [northern] Germany.”. It turned out Tollense river was a site of a big battle which took place around 1200 BC. Skelettreste … “It is the opposite of spectacular,” says Burger. Terberger's group first revealed the results of their work on Tollense in 2011. “It’s actually quite boring.”, Burger’s yet-to-be-published analysis may cast a dull shadow on the far-flung warriors thesis, but it doesn’t rule out the possibility of participants from places like Bohemia. In a Danish laboratory, a team of archaeologists are studying a set of ancient remains. “We don't see any sign of two different groups fighting against each other from our sample,” he tells National Geographic. It was reported long ago that genetic studies were being made on remains of a surprisingly big battle that happened in the Tollense valley in north-eastern Germany, at the confluence between Nordic, Tumulus/Urnfield, and Proto-Lusatian/Lusatian territories, ca. ★ Tollense - rivers of germany .. Add an external link to your content for free. In 1996, a violently broken human arm bone was discovered at the site of the so-called Tollense battle in Germany, near today's border with Poland, and about 80 miles north of Berlin. Isotope analysis of the remains seemed to bolster that conclusion. Among the stash are also three bronze cylinders that may have been fittings for bags or boxes designed to hold personal gear—unusual objects that until now have only been discovered hundreds of miles away in southern Germany and eastern France. Archaeologists did some minor digging there at the time and found a bashed-in skull and a wooden club of 73 cm (29 inches). “Now it’s more and more likely that we are not dealing with a local conflict,” he says. It was a great slaughter – the greatest known about in the Bronze Age. The metal’s origins may be unclear, but its loss points to battle chaotic enough to separate a group of valuable objects from its owner.

Hochschule München Opac, Oecd Pisa 2018, Psychiater Bad Rappenau, Kv Bedeutung Abkürzung, Dell Laptop über Usb-c Laden,