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Wörter nach dem ABC ordnen", "Das Alphabet, Vokale und Konsonanten, besondere Laute und Buchstaben", "Germany has ended a century-long debate over a missing letter in its alphabet", Leitfaden zur deutschen Rechtschreibung ("Guide to German Orthography"), "Heysesche s-Schreibung in Frakturschrift", 3. Archived. For instance: STRA-SSE (‘street’); compare Stra-ße. Below this table, there’s a step by step guide on how to use these alt codes. Capital sharp S (ẞ; German: großes Eszett) is the majuscule (uppercase) form of the eszett (also called scharfes S, 'sharp s') ligature in German orthography (ß). Yeah! This is officially sanctioned by the reformed German orthography rules, which state in §25 E2: "In der Schweiz kann man immer „ss“ schreiben" ("In Switzerland, one may always write 'ss'"). Below is the complete list of Windows ALT key numeric pad codes for Latin letters with accents or diacritical marks that are used in the German alphabet. ), Learn how and when to remove this template message, "C1 Controls and Latin-1 Supplement, Range 0080–00FF", "Unterrichtsstunde: Wir lernen das Alphabet! Once you have set-up the keyboard just type ” + the corresponding vowel = ä ö ü . Here I am, trying to use MSN Word 2010, after years of using Word 95. Ofizielle Beschreibung. Sulzbacher form in the German Einbahnstraße ("one-way street") sign. {\displaystyle {\mathfrak {z}}} ASCII Code. This ligature was adopted into Antiqua typefaces. Although there are early examples in Roman type of a 'ſs'-ligature that looks like the letter ß, it was not commonly used for 'sz'. Lasse die ALT-Taste nun wieder los und es sollte, sofern der genutzte Schriftsatz dies unterstützt, ein großes Eszett geschrieben sein. ) in blackletter typefaces (yielding ſʒ),[a] which became conflated with the ligature for long s and round s (ſs) used in Roman type. For example, Fuß ('foot') has a long vowel, pronounced /fuːs/, and so was unaffected by the spelling reform; but Kuß ('kiss') has a short vowel, pronounced /kʊs/, and was reformed to Kuss. It originates as the ⟨sz⟩ digraph as used in Old High German and Middle High German orthography, represented as a ligature of long s and a 'tailed z' ( introduced a capital ß in its typesetting without revising the rule for capitalisation. The problem (one at a time) use of the 'Alt key' - Alt+0187 should produce a double quote like this << and Alt+ 0171? Its code point in the ISO 8859 character encoding versions 1, 2, 3, 4, 9, 10, 13, 14, 15, 16 and identically in Unicode is 223, or DF in hexadecimal. The Sulzbacher form, however, did not find unanimous acceptance. The round s also indicates the interstice in compounds. In 2016, the Council for German Orthography proposed the introduction of optional use of ẞ in its ruleset (i.e. ü: Drücken Sie [Alt] und geben nacheinander die Zahlen [1], [2], [9] ein. In TeX and LaTeX, \ss produces ß. As such there is no such thing as a Capital ß. Pressing “alt” + some numbers that constitute the ASCII code for these characters (laborious for most people, but click here if you’d like to see the ASCII codes for umlaute and ß) Changing your keyboard to a German keyboard (confusing unless you happen to have learned to type in Germany; e.g. Some modern virtual keyboards show ß when the user presses and holds the s key. Other operating systems like the Mac OS have a similar or extended form of this Alt code feature. Capital Letter S with Accent LG Marisa. The HTML entity for ß is ß. The development of a recognizable ligature representing the ⟨sz⟩ digraph develops in handwriting in the early 14th century. The proposal was rejected at the time,[17] but a second proposal submitted in 2007 was successful and the character was introduced in 2008 (Unicode version 5.1.0), as U+1E9E ẞ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER SHARP S (Latin Extended Additional block). In the orthography of the German spelling reform of 1996, both 'ß' and 'ss' are used to represent /s/ between two vowels in Standard German, as follows: Thus it helps to distinguish words like Buße ('penance, fine': long vowel) and Busse ('buses': short vowel). [19] The rule was officially adopted in 2017. The 16th edition of 1969 stipulated that an uppercase ß was in development and would be introduced in the future. In words where the stem changes, some forms may have an 'ß' but others an 'ss', for instance: sie beißen ('they bite) vs. sie bissen ('they bit'). Two distinct blackletter typefaces in Mainz. Because ß is treated as a ligature, rather than as a full letter of the German alphabet, it had no capital form in early modern typesetting. use of the 'Alt' key combo codes. letter s with circumflex Click to Copy Copy s circumflex The HTML entity ß was introduced with HTML 2.0 (1995). [7], The spelling survives in Middle High German even after the merger of the two phonemes [s] and [⁠ɕ⁠]. ⟨ß⟩ was encoded by ECMA-94 (1985) at position 223 (hexadecimal DF), inherited by Latin-1 and Unicode (.mw-parser-output .monospaced{font-family:monospace,monospace}U+00DF ß LATIN SMALL LETTER SHARP S). Lassen Sie dann die ALT Taste los und das Zeichen ~ (Tilde) erscheint. In Swiss Standard German, 'ss' usually replaces every 'ß'. The use of two letters for a single phoneme is makeshift, to be abandoned as soon as a suitable type for the capital ß has been developed. Should work in pretty much anything. Doppel-S, Buckel-S, Rucksack-S, Dreierles-S, Ringel-S, Straßen-S, scharfes S. Es gibt viele Namen für das Eszett. typing the scharfes S (ß) Close. lassen Sie dann die ALT Taste los. Architectural drawings may also use 'SZ' in capitalizations because capital letters and both Maß and Masse are frequently used. In the 20th century, it fell out of use completely in Swiss Standard German (used in Switzerland and Liechtenstein),[5] while it remains part of the orthography of Standard German elsewhere. Heyse's argument: Given that "ss" may appear at the end of a word, before an interstice and "s" being a common initial letter for words, "sss" is likely to appear in a large number of cases (the amount of these cases is even higher than all the possible triple consonant cases (e.g. [16], Regardless of prescriptive or orthographical concerns, types for capital ß were designed in various typefaces in the 1920s and 1930s even though they were rarely used. Some modern virtual keyboards show ß when the user presses and holds the s key. There was thus, in early printing, no direct contrast between an ſʒ and an ſs ligature in any single typeface: blackletter fonts designed for printing German would have an ſʒ but no ſs ligature (German ⟨ss⟩ being rendered as ſſ), while Antiqua fonts intended for printing Latin or Italian would have an ſs but no ſʒ ligature. In 1879, a proposal for various letter forms was published in the Journal für Buchdruckerkunst. HTML Code. ALT Code. If you are new to ALT codes and need detailed instructions on how to use them, please read How to Use ALT Codes to Enter Special Characters. This method requires that the numbers must be typed using the numeric keypad with the Num Lock turned on. Turning off the NumLock means the numeric keypad is disabled, and hence no numbers can be typed using the num pad. See Also: How to type S with Accent Marks. Ausser in der Schweiz. The details of the keyboard layout depend on the input language and operating system: on some keyboards with US-International (or local 'extended') setting, the symbol is created using AltGrs (or CtrlAlts) in Microsoft Windows, Linux and Chrome OS; in MacOS, one uses ⌥ Options on the US, US-Extended, and UK keyboards. Military teleprinter operation within Germany still uses 'sz' for 'ß' (unlike German typewriters, German teleprinter machines never provided either umlauts or 'ß'). In Switzerland, 'ß' was gradually phased out starting in the 1930s, when most cantons decided not to teach it any more, and the Swiss postal service stopped using it in place names. Many dialects of German, however, have an even longer vowel, or an audibly less-sharp s, in cases single s is used. Such cases were rare enough that this rule was officially abandoned in the reformed orthography. The German military still occasionally uses the capitalized 'SZ', even without any possible ambiguity, as SCHIESZGERÄT ("shooting materials"). In the late 18th and early 19th century, when more and more German texts were printed in Roman type (Antiqua), typesetters looked for an exact Roman counterpart for the blackletter ſʒ ligature, which did not exist in Roman fonts. Scharfes s in Schweizer Texten. In: Augst, Gerhard; [citation needed]. ... (Nummerntastatur) den dezimalen Code des Zeichens ein. The JavaScript in Google Chrome will convert "ß" to "SS" when converted to uppercase (e.g. Below are the alt codes for both lowercase and uppercase S characters, plus all the s letters with accent marks. A German language support package for LaTeX exists in which ß is produced by "s (similar to umlauts, which are produced by "a, "o, and "u with this package). Well, a picknick is 'ain't!' 27, XV. like this>>? The capital variant (U+1E9E ẞ LATIN CAPITAL LETTER SHARP S) was encoded by ISO 10646 in 2008. In the reformed orthography, it is hyphenated like other double consonants: STRAS-SE.[60]. Posted by u/[deleted] 3 years ago. Thus, the modern (Antiqua) German letter ß is in some fonts derived from ſs graphically although it represents the historical ſʒ digraph continued from Middle High German and Early Modern High German orthography. Σ Greek mathematical symbol for sum. Θ Theta, the 8th letter of Greek alphabet. 9. For example, alt + 127848 will produce the ice cream symbol like . [6] Auf neueren Tastaturen funktioniert auch [Alt Gr] + … hab in ein paar foren gelesen, dass das die tastenkombi für mac-pcs seien soll. [11], Since then, German printing set in Roman type has used the letter ß (except in Switzerland, where it fell out of use in the 1930s). Categories Arbeitsblätter Tags scharfes s alt code, scharfes s ascii, scharfes s auf microsoft tastatur, scharfes s auf windows. The grapheme has an intermediate position between a true letter and a ligature. Alt Code Shortcuts for Food Emoji. [13] This problem of Adelung's rule was solved by Heyse who distinguished between the long s ("ſ") and the round s ("s"). For example, press Alt+347 for ś (s with acute) or Alt+349 for ŝ (s with circumflex). ſs without ligature, but as a single type, with reduced spacing between the two letters, the ligature of ſ and s inherited from the 16th-century Antiqua typefaces, a ligature of ſ and tailed z, adapting the blackletter ligature to Antiqua, 'ß' has also occasionally been used for transliterating, This page was last edited on 26 December 2020, at 13:13. At a line break, this 'ss' that replaces an 'ß' has to be hyphenated as a single letter in the traditional orthography. There have however been proposals to introduce capital forms of ß for use in allcaps writing (where ß would usually be represented as either 'SS' or 'SZ'). There were four distinct variants of ß in use in Antiqua fonts: The first variant (no ligature) has become practically obsolete. To type the letter S with an accent in Word, press and hold the alt key, then type the alt code for that particular character. One possible ambiguity was between IN MASZEN (in limited amounts; Maß, "measure") and IN MASSEN (in massive amounts; Masse, "mass"). Halte für ein großes Eszett die Taste [ALT] gedrückt und tippe nun auf dem Numblock [7] [8] [3] [8] . Often, the letter is input using a modifier and the 's' key. In the Gothic book hands and bastarda scripts of the high medieval period, ⟨sz⟩ is written with long s and the Blackletter "tailed z", as ſʒ. Jahrgang. On most phones you will have a pop-up with special letters appear if … Zeitschrift für Deutschlands Buchdrucker, Steindrucker und verwandte Gewerbe. This applies especially to all-caps or small-caps texts because 'ß' had no generally accepted majuscule form until 2017. In other countries, the letter is not marked on the keyboard, but a combination of other keys can produce it. [22], In modern browsers, "ß" will be converted to "SS" when the element containing it is set to uppercase using text-transform: uppercase in Cascading Style Sheets. The Duden was edited separately in East and West Germany from the 1950s to the 1980s. For ß you need to press CTRL + ALT + S together. Durch Eingabe des Codes ALT + 0289 wird das Ausrufezeichen dargestellt, da es an Position 33 Liegt und 255 + 33 + 1 = 289 ist (die 1 muss hinzugerechnet werden, da mit dem Zahlencode 0000 und und nicht mit 0001 angefangen wird. [citation needed]. Listed below are the ALT codes for letter S with accents (or letter S ALT codes). Back then a special ligature for Heyse's rule was introduced: ſs. Words like Straße ('street'), pronounced /ʃtraːsə/, and beißen ('to bite'), pronounced /ˈbaɪ̯sn̩/, were unaffected by the spelling reform. You hold down ALT and press the numbers 2 2 5 on your numpad and then release the alt button. Scharfes s. Verlässlichkeit seit 12 Jahren.Über 170 000 zufriedene Kunden Das Schriftzeichen ẞ (Großbuchstabe) bzw. Zugleich: σ Symbol for sum Symbol for sum. The traditional orthography encouraged the use of 'SZ' rather than 'ß' in words with all letters capitalized where a usual 'SS' would produce an ambiguous result. In Windows, one can also use alt code 0223. It's more like ____ & I hope that it won't last past the learning curve. It developed in early 16th-century humanist Latin manuscripts representing the digraph of ſ (long s) and s (round s). Übrigens: Auf dem Laptop muss meistens zusätzlich die Fn-Taste zu den oben genannten Kombinationen gedrückt werden. Because there is no modern character for it, this table uses ſs instead of the ligature. ä. alt + 132. You must use the numeric keypad on the right of the keyboard to type the alt code. Symbol(e) Bezeichnung: Alt-Code(s) Geschütztes Leerzeichen: 0160 ¡ umgedrehtes Ausrufezeichen: 0161 ¿ umgedrehtes Fragezeichen: 0191: Ç, ç: Cedille: 0199, 0231 ASCII code 225 = ß ( Letter Eszett ; scharfes S or sharp S ) ( HTML entity = ß ) ASCII code 226 = Ô ( Letter O with circumflex accent or O-circumflex ) ASCII code 227 = Ò ( Capital letter O with grave accent ) ASCII code 228 = õ ( Lowercase letter o with tilde or o-tilde ) ASCII code 229 = … [20], In Germany and Austria, the letter ß is present on computer and typewriter keyboards, normally to the right-hand end on the number row. In: Duden – Rechtschreibung. The red sign spells Straße with ſs; the blue sign uses the standard blackletter ſz ligature. [9][10], It was only with the First Orthographic Conference in Berlin in 1876 that printers and type foundries started to look for a common letter form to represent the Eszett in Roman type. Traditionally, it did not have a capital form, although some type designers introduced de facto capitalized variants of ß. Zeit für eine Nachhilfestunde. Stötzner deposited a corresponding proposal with the Unicode Consortium in 2004. When you are writing in capital letters, 'ß' is always replaced by "SS" - 'ß' is the only German letter that only exists in the lower case. deutsche Beschreibung. variants STRASSE vs. STRAẞE would be accepted as equally valid). The Neue Zürcher Zeitung was the last Swiss newspaper to give up 'ß', in 1974. Also, Greek number 3. π The symbol for the mathematical Pi in ascii . Some of the alt codes work only in Microsoft Word. For Example, to make the S sign using the Capital S Alt code of 83: first, ensure that your NumLock is turned on, then press and hold the alt key while you type the alt code number that identifies the S symbol, which is 83, on the numeric keypad. As in the reformed orthography, traditional orthography uses ß after long vowels and diphthongs, even when followed by a vowel. In 1903 it was proclaimed as the new standard for the Eszett in Roman type. If you are already familiar with using alt codes, simply select the alt code category you need from the table below. It is also consistent with the general rule of German spelling that a doubled consonant letter serves to mark the preceding vowel as short (the consonant sound is never actually doubled or lengthened in pronunciation). The correct spelling is not predictable out of context (in Standard German pronunciation), but is usually made clear by related forms, e.g., Größe ('size') and grasen ('to graze'), where the medial consonants are pronounced [s] and [z], respectively. Note: Some of these S with Accent Alt Codes work only in Microsoft Word. The spelling of 'sz' for the voiceless alveolar fricative ([s]), continuing Proto-Germanic /t/, originates in Old High German, contrasting with the voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative ([⁠ɕ⁠]), continuing Proto-Germanic /s/, spelled 'ss'. ** … Auflage, 1925, Cord Wischhöfer: "Proposal to encode Latin Capital Letter Sharp S to the UCS". [8] This ligature also existed as a separate sort in the early blackletter types of the 15th century. τ Tau. Schluss-s). Brekle (2001)[page needed] cites as the earliest appearance of the ligature the handwriting of Lodovico Vicentino, dated 1515. In the traditional orthography, 'ß' is always used at the end of a word or word-component, or before a consonant, even when the preceding vowel is short. "sharp S"), represents the /s/ phoneme in Standard German, specifically when following long vowels and diphthongs, while 'ss' is used after short vowels. When German texts began to be printed in Antiqua (see Antiqua–Fraktur dispute), the Antiqua ſs (i.e. How to type special German letters by using their Alt Codes? Hallo und Guten Abend Auf einer Schweizer Tastatur gibt es kein scharfes s. Unter Windows kann ich mir da mit der Tastenkombination Alt und den Ziffern 2 2 5 auf dem. It became the default form, but many type designers preferred (and still prefer) other forms. 8. You can do this by pressing and holding the Alt key while typing the alt code (a number that identifies the character), using the keyboard numeric keypad. (, Peter Gallmann (1997): "Warum die Schweizer weiterhin kein Eszett schreiben. Juli 1903. The same rules apply at the end of a word or syllable, but are complicated by the fact that single 's' is also pronounced /s/ in those positions. While ß was used as a ligature for ⟨ss⟩ in much early modern printing in Europe, its use in modern typography is only in German (including loanwords from it).

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